Principles of Spatial Planning and Land Use Management Act

Short Introduction to the Principles of Spatial Planning and Land Use Management Act The Spatial Planning and Land Use Management Act No. 16 of 2013, also known as SPLUMA, came into being to allow for the creation of a new framework for regulation of planning permissions and the setting of new boundaries for developments, in addition to providing a new framework for land uses in the country. It provides the main principles on which provincial laws related to planning can be based. The Spatial Planning and Land Use Management Act replaced many of regulations from the pre-1994 government to ensure uniformity and effectiveness in planning, to encourage broader economic and social inclusion for the people of the country. Though the new Act has certainly addressed the above issues, it has not been accepted without some controversy, especially as related to the role of the traditional councils. Many critics of the new spatial and land use management regulations have argued that traditional councils have too much power under SPLUMA. Regulation 19 governs the powers of the traditional councils specifically as related to land use management and planning. The Act stipulates that a traditional council has the right and power to conclude an SLA with the municipality in which the council is situated according to the regulations of the provisional and national laws. It also states that, should a traditional council not conclude an SLA with the municipality in which it is located, the council has the responsibility of providing the necessary proof of allocation of land according to the customary law that is in force in the council’s area to...

Urban Planning Within the Larger Framework of Spatial Planning

Spatial planning entails planning regarding people and activity distribution and usage of space by private and public sectors. In essence, spatial planning entails a coordinated effort by various stakeholders in developing and maintaining policies and practices that affect the way that people and activities are distributed in a specific country, region, or particular urban area. Spatial planning also takes place on an international level and includes the setting of a spatial planning and land usage management framework. Urban planning is only a part of spatial planning, which is the overall strategy of the government and stakeholders, such as provincial governments, in allocating and developing spaces. Urban planning affects the future of specific spaces and the communities occupying those spaces. It includes transportation, public utilities, housing, recreational areas, health facilities, and natural resource allocation. An urban plan has a long-term focus and it is comprehensive. Land-use management forms an integral part of the plan. It provides a layout plan for future usage of the particular land space, with provision for the various activities. It addresses aspects such as areas to be developed, areas to keep open for conservation, and areas to be zoned for residential, industrial, commercial, agricultural, or recreational activities, in line with the overall spatial planning policies of the province, government, or international spatial planning principles and policies. Various types of dwellings can be found in urban areas. As part of urban planning, the various stakeholders and professionals in the field consider the housing needs of the communities in the spaces and plan the layout of the urban area to allow for appropriate housing. Policies regarding which type...