Modern Strategic Spatial Planning in South Africa

The Important Role of Modern Strategic Spatial Planning in South Africa to Address Unique Challenges Strategic spatial planning as is also as relevant to South Africa, entails the methods used and approaches followed by government and private sector stakeholders in managing the distribution of activities and humans in spaces. It is a coordinated effort that includes policies and practices that affect spatial organisation of people and activities. The process of strategic spatial planning in South Africa entails defining the priorities and outcomes of such. The creation of a strategic spatial plan must be relevant to a specific geographic area, and the implementation of the plan must be done effectively. Part of this process entails ongoing monitoring of outcomes of the strategic spatial plan. Strategic spatial planning in post-apartheid South Africa has mainly been in reaction to the pre-1994 planning processes locally and internationally. The focus should be on guidance for optimal spatial development. Earlier strategic spatial planning frameworks have not been able to accommodate change and have often been too broad. A principle mistake in earlier planning processes in South Africa was the insufficient connection to infrastructure planning. However, many municipalities today deploy plans more closely connected to infrastructure planning. Strategic spatial planning in South Africa, in line with international trends, is now done with consideration and linked with financial, regulatory, and institutional environments. A core principle is the systematic response to spatial patterns across geographic areas, which make social and economic inequalities worse. One of the focusses of modern strategic planning in South Africa is the reduction of economic efficiencies. The interventions selected must thus bring about more...

What is Integrated Development Planning?

Integrated Development Planning is a government initiated process that municipalities follow in preparation of five-year strategic plans for development. Also referred to as IDP, Integrated Development Planning is the instrument that provides guidance on the budgeting and decision-making processes of municipalities – a type of “business plan”. The Integrated Development Plan can be seen as the umbrella plan for a specific municipality and the areas falling within the municipal borders directly related to development. The IDP coordinates the decision-making and budgeting of the local government in the improvement of the quality of life for the community in a particular area. Efficient Integrated Development Planning makes provision for social and economic development of an entire area within the municipality. The IDP, as such, provides the overall framework for land use management, infrastructure development, and protection of the environment. As an extension of the IDP, the municipality must prepare and adopt a Spatial Development Framework (SDF) as its policy to guide and inform decisions on land development matters – typical applications for rezoning, subdivision and township establishment. How Municipalities Use IDPs South African municipalities use Integrated Development Planning processes, and the SDF in particular for effectively planning the future development of the various areas within the municipalities. The aim is to achieve the most economical, environmentally friendly, and socially viable solutions for optimal benefits over the long term through development. Integral to IDPs and SDFs is the consideration for what the people in the specific areas want and need. For such, the municipalities actively encourage community participation in the planning processes, and value feedback and comments from residents. Lifespan All IDPs...