Advocacy Town Planning

The Origin and Early Days of Advocacy Town Planning Paul Davidoff first introduced the theory of advocacy town planning during the sixties. The essence of the theory is an approach in which the town planning professionals also want to represent the interests of particular groups. It is a planning theory with a distinctly pluralistic character. As a town planner and activist attorney, Davidoff sought to introduce advocacy planning as an essential element in planning to ensure that the interests of low-income and minority groups would also be considered in town planning. Before the introduction of advocacy planning, professionals within the local governments did all the planning under the guidance of specific commissions. A top-down approach was followed in terms of town planning. In this approach, the planning is carried out without consultation with various interest groups regarding the particular piece of land that is to be developed. Before the Sixties During the Industrial Revolution of the 1920s, town planners in Europe planned in response to the poor living conditions of the factory workers. They focused on the creation of utopia-like urban areas. However, the planning was still top-down, with little consultation, if any, with the people that would be affected by the town planning. Because of this approach, many of the planning projects failed. After World War I and II, town planning was focused on reconstruction. The governments in countries that were affected had the daunting task of reconstructing the cities affected by the wars. An elite corps of town planning experts led the planning processes, resulting in the promotion of interests of the more affluent citizens, and completely...

Consolidation of Land

Why You Need Professional Help with Applications for Subdivision and Consolidation of Land If you want to create a large conservancy by combining several farms, you may have to apply for consolidation of land. Likewise, if you want to develop a residential estate or perhaps an industrial or office park on two or more parcels of land, you may have to apply for consolidation of land to enable you to develop the properties on a single piece of land. You may want to create a resort, but in order to do so, you bought two adjacent properties. Due to the nature of the resort, you cannot develop it on two separate properties and this is where the town planning expertise of The Practice Group can be very useful. We will advise you on the process to consolidate land, whether township establishment will be needed, and what zoning rights will apply. It may be more difficult to obtain permission for consolidation of land in a densely populated urban area than consolidating two or more farms for creating a game park. This is the case because land is already scarce in the developed urban area. The opposite may be true when trying to subdivide agricultural land. Subdivision may still be possible if the land is large enough to ensure sustainability, even when subdivided. However, access routes, rights to the use of resources, and other factors come into play. For both subdivision and land consolidation, you will need the help of town planners and other professionals, such as land surveyors. Consolidations and subdivisions entail cadastral surveys. Such surveys must be done when...